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1. Uganda's mountain gorillas
I almost didn't make it to the gorilla enclave, said Jennifer Billock at Smithsonian . The rough path my guides had bushwhacked through Uganda's aptly named Bwindi Impenetrable National Park hardly made our mountain climb any easier. Fortunately, Volcanoes Safaris had enlisted personal porters, who carried guests' bags and pulled us up "from muddy ledge to muddy ledge." Mountain gorillas, or silverbacks, are critically endangered; only 880 remain in the world, and they're confined to two forests in the neighboring nations of Uganda, Rwanda, and the Democratic Republic of Congo. Treks like ours help, generating conservation funding that has contributed to a near doubling of the gorilla population since 2010. Soon after we caught up with our trackers, we were standing amid members of the silverback family we'd been following: one male to our left, sitting in a swarm of bugs; a female up in a tree; and farther ahead, another female with her baby, known as Gift — every one of them at ease with human company. "Although we were all enamored watching Gift tumble off her mother's back only to get scooped back up into her warm embrace, or seeing the dominant male flip upside-down to stare at us from a new angle, the gorillas didn't seem to care one bit that we were there."
2. Ecuador's hummingbirds
The cloud forests of Ecuador offer "some of the best bird viewing in the world," said Doug Hansen at The San Diego Union-Tribune. Roughly 1,600 bird species inhabit the country — about twice what the U.S. can claim — and hundreds live nowhere else. My wife and I were visiting Quito when we learned of the Jocotoco Conservation Foundation, a nonprofit that owns 11 reserves scattered across more than 40,000 acres of protected forest. Bird photographers from around the world gravitate to Jocotoco's reserves with massive lenses in tow, but "you don't have to be a hardcore bird-watcher to be mesmerized by the dazzling display of tropical birds that swarm to the feeders at the Jocotoco reserves." At Buenaventura, our favorite, Sharen hailed me from her hammock several times to show me toucans landing nearby. We couldn't get enough, though, of the hummingbirds at the feeders. Even the most common variety, chestnut-breasted coronets, resembled "prismatic flying jewels," and "nothing in our previous bird-watching experience compared with our ability to gaze, close up, at the frenetic procession."
3. Florida's pelicans and bison
Instead of merely escaping to a spring-break beach this winter, "you can turn your Florida getaway into a safari," said Bonnie Gross at the Orlando Sentinel. From the alligators and crocodiles that lurk in the Everglades to the dog-size deer that are indigenous to Big Pine Key, countless exotic species live or winter in the Sunshine State. In November, hundreds of manatees move inland for four months and pack Blue Spring State Park nearly wall to wall. Meanwhile, white pelicans, another seasonal migrant, fly nonstop from the mountains of the northwest to roost along both coastlines. They're dramatic birds, with a 9-foot wingspan — two to three times larger than the common brown pelican. A huge population of white pelicans uses an island in Charlotte Harbor as a rookery. You can observe them from the fishing pier at Placida, which happens to be "the sort of off-the-beaten-path spot that's fun to discover." Get to Paynes Prairie Preserve State Park outside Gainesville for a chance at seeing the most surprising animals Florida can offer: the wild horses and bison that wander among the park's trails.
4. A panda feeding zoo
"Red pandas, I'm happy to report, are even cuter in person than they are online," said Sadie Dingfelder at The Washington Post. YouTube videos of these adorably round-faced bear-cats have been viewed millions of times, "so clearly I'm not alone in my obsession." When I discovered that the Oglebay Resort in Wheeling, West Virginia, is home to a zoo that lets visitors get up close to red pandas, I persuaded my family to join me on a road trip. The panda experience starts at $165 for two people, and though we were told we couldn't pet the pandas, we were advised that they might climb on us while we fed them. When we stepped into the pandas' habitat, I nearly swooned when the female, Amber, simply stretched and yawned. And when I offered a cut grape to Junji, a young male, and he gently pulled my hand down with his paws, "it took every ounce of my willpower to not scoop Junji up and bury my face in his soft red fur." Though both pandas lost interest in us fairly quickly, "we humans thoroughly enjoyed the entire 20-minute encounter."
5. Northern India's snow leopards
I was half asleep in my tent, said Jill Robinson at the San Francisco Chronicle, when I heard the shout we'd all been waiting for: "Leopard! Leopard! Leopard!" Scrambling, I grab a sweater and boots, and sprint in my socks from my tent toward the tracker and his telescope. In the distance stands a snow leopard, a creature rivaled in mystique only by yeti and unicorns. The elusive animal is at home in the "almost supernatural" landscape of northern India's Ladakh region, where Mountain Travel Sobek helps travelers find them. This beautiful cat is stalking something, its long tail twitching in the air. Crouching into a prowl, it flows over a rocky ridge "like moonlight on snow," then leaps down the cliff toward a small herd of bharal. The sheep scatter, "jumping in all directions, like a handful of dust in the air — poof." We watch the graceful hunter for five hours as it suns itself, sniffs the air, and stalks more bharal. "I hardly notice that I never tied my boot laces, and haven't yet eaten. Getting my first, and perhaps only, glimpse of a snow leopard in the wild is enough."
Tracking chimpanzees in their natural habitat, as they swing from the branches in the canopy high above the forest floor is nothing short of exhilarating. The chimps effortlessly cross and scamper through the trees above the gorge, and visitors on the other hand must cross the river using natural bridges in order to keep up with the chimps. So although the walk usually lasts only 2–3 hours, descending the steep gorge and crossing the log bridges over the river requires some agility and fitness.
Chimpanzee tracking is also available in nearby Kalinzu, a forest reserve 30 minutes drive from Kyambura Gorge Lodge where there is a community of about 40 habituated chimpanzees.