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Gorilla tracking in Uganda: Learning to track the animals thanks to the new government programme

BLO Bored Gorilla

Everything about Rushenya is big: his head, his arms, his feet, and especially his bum.” Augustine Muhangi doesn’t stand on ceremony as he gives a running commentary about the 40st(254kg) silverback gorilla we’re tracking. In turn, Rushenya waddles away, affording us a perfect view of that colossal backside.

Unlike most mountain gorillas in western Uganda’s Bwindi Impenetrable National Park, Rushenya hasn’t encountered many humans. His group, the Bikingi, roams the Rushaga area in Bwindi’s southern sector and is only semi-habituated meaning they are used to trackers and rangers but not to strangers or tourists.

Although the 400 or so gorillas in this dense 321sq km forest are all essentially wild, some are wilder than others. The last family I was tracking  the Mubare, in the park’s northern sector were completely unperturbed by our group of eight’s presence. Kanyonyi, the silverback, had almost brushed against my thighs as he ambled past. But being in the Bikingi’s presence has a definite edge.

Gorilla encounters here in Bwindi have traditionally been limited to one hour magical yet fleeting. They’re costly, too, at $600 (£480) a head though the fees are ploughed back into conservation in this park which is home to half the world’s critically endangered mountain gorillas.

Last year, however, the park introduced something a little different. “Normally, trackers find the gorillas before the visitors arrive, so the groups can go straight to them, have their hour with them, and go away,” says Pontius Ezuma, Bwindi’s conservation manager. “We wanted to offer something more enriching to show what tracking actually means. Things like gorilla behaviour, what nests look like, finding their trail.” The new visit is a four-hour “gorilla habituation experience”. Groups are limited to just four guests, and permits cost $1,500 each.

You don’t necessarily get more time with the gorillas themselves; instead, you join trackers right from the start and find the families with them. Depending on how quickly you find them, however, it’s possible to get two, or even three hours with them. As well as providing you with the experience of a lifetime, the visit helps the gorillas, too, allowing them to get used to human presence.

We’d walked for three hour along the Ivy Trail to reach the south, starting at Buhoma, where we’d spent the night, and passing through a fairytale rainforest with giant ferns, vibrant birdsong and monkeys swinging in the shadows. Our bed for the night was Nkuringo, the nearest village for Rushaga with two gorilla lodges.

At 7am the next day, we set off with our guide Augustine, heading to where they left the Bikingi group the night before. It’s only when we reach that point that the four-hour clock starts ticking, beginning with a crash course in tracking. Discarded leaves, stems stripped of foliage, bent vegetation and knuckle prints in the mud are tell-tale signs of the gorillas’ trail, Augustine explains. But it’s the acrid stench of urine that finally reveals their nests.

Gorillas build new nests every night, we learn, leaving a mine of information for trackers. Augustine and his team don face- masks and latex gloves to examine “mattresses” of leaves and branches perched on top of shrubs. Rushenya’s bed is easily identified by its vast size and silver hairs; a small turd next to a larger pile reveals the nest of a mother and baby.

It takes around three years to habituate gorillas. Over 18 months of daily visits, the Bikingi group have become accustomed to their trackers, but are still wary, particularly with new people. “Remember they might charge,” says Geoffrey Twinomuhangi, from the Uganda Wildlife Authority. “Copy their movements. Crouch down. If they eat grass, pretend to eat grass. But don’t beat your chest: that’s their sign of supremacy. Whatever you do, don’t run.”


Suddenly there’s Rushenya, munching stalks in a clearing about 12m away. The trackers cough softly  the sound of contentment in gorilla language. “Speak to him,” Augustine whispers. “Let him know you’re a friend.” Nervously, I try a quiet, guttural rumble. When he responds, grunting deeply, I feel shivers down my spine. Rushenya and his family four females, three toddlers and a three-week old baby are constantly on the move. We hurtle after them, battling through tangled jungle, crawling through bushes and scurrying up and down near-vertical slopes of loose earth, wet leaves and slippery vegetation. Gradually, we narrow our distance until we’re a mere seven metres apart. Big Daddy Rushenya eats incessantly; youngsters play tag in the trees, laughing and smiling; mums keep a watchful eye on them and on us.

Suddenly, a female carrying her three-week old baby tumbles down the slope, landing between the silverback and me. Rushenya swings into action, running towards us, almost shouting a reverberating “uh uh” noise. Thankfully, we remember our briefing. We avert our eyes and crouch submissively.

He freezes in front of us, all 40- odd stone of him... and then slowly moves on. It felt like forever but must only have been seconds. “He was just warning us, protecting the baby,” Augustine reassures us.

Whether you have one hour or four with these majestic, vulnerable creatures, it will never be enough, and all too soon our time is up. As is Rushenya’s as we turn to leave, he’s already heading deep into the forest. For Augustine and his crew tomorrow is another day.

Travel essentials:

Getting there

Steppes Travel (steppestravel.; 01285 601050) offers a seven-day trip from £5,695 per person in low season, based on two people sharing. This includes one normal gorilla permit and one

gorilla habituation permit, Nkuringo Walking Safaris’ Ivy Trail trek, international flights via Nairobi with Kenya Airways, internal flights, transfers, two nights at Volcanoes Safaris Bwindi Lodge (volcanoessafaris. com), two nights at Clouds Mountain Gorilla Lodge (, and one night in Entebbe on a full-board basis.

By Sue Watt

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To protect gorillas from disease, no children under 15 years are allowed to go gorilla tracking. For guests booking a stay at Virunga Lodge, please note that the minimum age limit for children at Virunga Lodge is 12 years.
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Safari Activities

Chimpanzee Tracking

Tracking chimpanzees in their natural habitat, as they swing from the branches in the canopy high above the forest floor is nothing short of exhilarating. The chimps effortlessly cross and scamper through the trees above the gorge, and visitors on the other hand must cross the river using natural bridges in order to keep up with the chimps. So although the walk usually lasts only 2–3 hours, descending the steep gorge and crossing the log bridges over the river requires some agility and fitness.

Chimpanzee tracking is also available in nearby Kalinzu, a forest reserve 30 minutes drive from Kyambura Gorge Lodge where there is a community of about 40 habituated chimpanzees.